Prostate Biopsy

doctor and male patient2The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland in men that produces fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.  During a prostate biopsy (also called a core needle biopsy) a fine needle is used to take a number of tissue samples from your prostate gland.  A prostate biopsy is done by a urologist, a doctor who specializes in men’s sex organs and urinary system.  Your urologist may recommend a prostate biopsy if results from initial tests, such as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test or digital rectal exam (DRE), suggest you may have prostate cancer.

Following a prostate biopsy, tissue samples from the prostate are examined under a microscope for cell abnormalities that are a sign of prostate cancer.  If cancer is present, it is evaluated to determine how quickly it’s likely to grow and spread and to determine your best treatment options.

Web Resources

Urology Care Foundation Prostate Biopsy: What You Should Know

Mayo Clinic Definition Prostate Biopsy