Diagnostic Testing

Diagnostic Testing

Sometimes additional testing may be ordered by your physician. In order to help you better understand testing that may be ordered during your visit, we have included some common tests below.


A biopsy involves taking a piece of skin or tissue from the body to look at under a microscope. A doctor will see if the tissue contains cancer or other abnormal cells. The results of the biopsy can help determine the next best step in diagnosis or treatment.
Urology Health Biopsy Information

A Cystogram is an examination that takes pictures of your bladder and urethra. A thin flexible tube (catheter) is inserted through your urethra into your bladder. Contrast material is introduced into your bladder through the catheter, then x-rays are taken with the contrast material in your bladder. Additional x-rays may be taken while urine flows out of your bladder, in which case the test is called a voiding cystogram.

Urine cytology is a test to screen a patient’s urine for cancer cells. This is one of many tools used to diagnose cancers in the urinary tract, including bladder, kidney, prostate, ureter and urethra cancers. A urine cytology test alone can’t diagnose cancer. If abnormal or cancerous cells are found with this test, your doctor will likely ask for more tests. A cystoscopy and a computerized tomography (CT) scan may be recommended next.

Urine Cytology
Urology Health Urine Cytology Information

CT Scan
Computed axial tomography (also known as “CT scan” or “CAT scan”) combines x-rays and computer processing to make very detailed images. It can clearly show tissues and organs. These images can be stored, viewed on a monitor, or printed on film.
A CT scan can show differences between solids and liquids. It helps find tumors, masses, stones, and cysts. Sometimes special dyes are injected to make the images sharper. The 3-D images produced by CT scans can also help a surgeon plan for surgery.
A CT scan works by using very small, controlled beams of x-rays that pass through your body as they spin in a circle around you. Thousands of x-ray images are collected within one scan. This data is collected in seconds, with no gap between the images. The computer puts the data together to produce complete and detailed pictures. The computer is used to make a 3-D picture of your body.

Urology Health CT Scan Information

Laboratory Testing/Labs
A medical procedure that involves testing a sample of blood, urine, or other substance from the body. Laboratory tests can help determine a diagnosis, plan treatment, check to see if treatment is working, or monitor the disease over time.

Urology Health Ultrasound Imaging Information